Method Return Value

A method communicates back to the caller by returning a value.

The type of value returned by a method (i.e. the return-type) is specified when the method is defined.

A method does not have to return a value. In these cases, the return-type void is used.

Other points.

The syntax of the return statement is as follows.

   return;       //used when the return-type of the method is void

   return EXPR;
      EXPR is evaluated.  The result of the evaluation must
      match the return-type of the method.  If it doesn't,
      then explicit type-cast is needed.  For example,
      if the return-type of the method is  int  , then

         return (int)3.14;  

      will cause the 3.14 double to be converted to an int; therefore,
      the calling method will be returned the value 3.

   Optionally, the return EXPR can be enclosed in parens.

      return (EXPR);  
      return (3.14);           or   return 3.14;
      return (i + 3 * j);      or   return i + 3 * j;
      return (i > 4);          or   return i > 4;

If a method returns a value, then it is the caller's responsibility to examine the return value.

If a methods's return-type is void, then return statements, if any, cannot have any expressions.