Learning About the Future in 50 Minutes [outline]
Introduction | Computing | Exponential? | BioSciTech | NanoSciTech | Robotics/AI | Singularity? | Conclusion

This talk was first given on 24 February 02012 at Scottsdale Community College. The talk was given a second time 56 days later on 20 April 02012 at Scottsdale Community. {56 Days of Learning About the Future}

These notes were slightly modified to support this talk that was given on 19 February 02013. In addition, the One Year of Learning About the Future and One Year Learning About 3-D Printing were created for the Feb. 19th talk.

[Update::02013.03.01] The future since Future Day 02013.


Why 50 Minutes?

I heard the following Norbert Wiener quote in 02011: A professor can talk about a topic in increments of 50 minutes.

I am a Possibilist

"I'm not an optimist, neither am I a pessimist. I'm a very serious 'possibilist.'" -- Hans Rosling (01948-) {Professor Global Health & Director of Gapminder Foundation talking about global population growth}

Hmm... I've learned that learning about the future is easier when I'm a possibilitist.

Minimize the Use of Future Dates & Think in Units of Millenniums

The Long Now Foundation was established in 01996 to "creatively foster" long-term thinking and responsibility.

   "I want to build a clock that ticks once a year. The century hand 
    advances once every 100 years, and the cuckoo comes out on the 
    millennium. I want the cuckoo to come out every millennium for
    the next 10,000 years." -- Danny Hillis (a polymath inventor)

Hmm... I've learned that learning about the future is easier if I think long term. [Note: The dates used in this document are in 5-digit year format.]

Technologies Advancing At Exponential Rates

"It's impracticable to halt the exponential advancement of technology." -- Ben Goertzel (01966-) {Director of Research for the Singularity Institute for AI}

Hmm... I have learned that learning about the future is easier if I assume it is possible that some (potentially many) technologies are advancing exponentially. [At the 38 second mark... The Greatest Shortcoming of the Human Race is our inability to Understand The Exponential Function by Dr. Albert A. Bartlett]

Ignoring Sociopolitical Factors

Goertzel says that "it's impractical to halt the exponential advancement of technology" and it's possible he's right. But let's observe Goertzel's use of the word impracticable instead of the word impossible because it's possible that the power of sociopolitical factors will deem Goertzel's impracticable as practical. Pondering the future is fun, but it is complicated by the fact that we're a planet of seven billion people. It's possible that this morph of Goertzel's quote is false: "It's impossible to halt the exponential advancement of technology." [Ponder the Luddite riot of 01811-01812.]

Hmm... I have learned that learning about the future is easier if I ignore sociopolitical factors.

One Year of Learning About the Future

Lots of future happened between 24 February 02012 and 18 February 02013.

Computing: HPC/21st Century Informatics

This portion of the talk became a 20-minute talk titled Approaching Infinite Computing on 18 October 02012. [self-proclaimed Exascale Day (10^18)]

Gottried Wilhelm Leibniz (01646-01716; the "Patron Saint" of computing [Communications of the ACM]): "Once the characteristic numbers are established for most concepts, mankind will then possess a new instrument that will enhance the capabilities of the mind to a far greater extent than optical instruments strengthen the eyes."

Charles Babbage (01791-01871; the "father" of computing): "In fact, there is no reason why mental as well as bodily labor should not be economized by the aid of machinery."

Thomas J. Watson (01874-01956; IBM's CEO 01914-01949) in 01943: "I think there is a world market for maybe five computers."

HPC (Supercomputing)

Don't ask me about the 'P' in HPC. Let the 'P' stand for "Performance" such that HPC stands for High Performance Computing. #supercomputing

Gordon Moore (born 01929) is the co-founder and Chairman Emeritus of Intel Corporation. He is also the author of Moore's Law (circa 01965).

   Moore's Law: Number of transistors on a chip doubles every two years.

   Moore's Law: Processors get twice as fast every 18 months.

   Moore's Law: The cost of building a chip fabrication plant doubles with 
                every other chip generation, or roughly every 36 months.

   "I had no idea this was going to be an accurate prediction."
   [Gordon Moore in 02005]

Sergey Brin at the "We Solve For X" kickoff on 1 February 02012 compared a one bit flip-flop vacuum tube with his phone's 16 gigabyte microSD card. Brin said, "Obviously, we all live Moore's Law. We all believe it, understand it." [Brin mentioned that the vacuum tube came from an ENIAC-like computer (circa 01946).]

Thanks to Moore's Law the computing roadmap has been historically accurate and these days it predicts exaflops computing by 02018-02020.

Late last year (02011) Japan's K Computer was #1 on the TOP500 List and it was "benchmarked" at 10.51 petaflops. Late last year (02012) Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Titan was #1 on the TOP500 List benchmarked at 17.59 petaflops.

   peta-: metric prefix for 10^15
   FlOPS: Floating-point Operations Per Second
          (floating-point implies real numbers)

   17.59 petaflops = 17,590,000,000,000,000 flops 
   (seventeen quadrillion five hundred ninety trillion flops)
   10.51 petaflops = 10,510,000,000,000,000 flops
   (ten quadrillion five hundred ten trillion flops)

   17.59 petaflops Nov 02012    (67% increase in one year)
   10.51 petaflops Nov 02011    (10.2x in 3.5 years; 942% increase)
    1.026 petaflops Jun 02008   ( 7.5x in 3 years; 650% increase)
    0.1368 petaflops Jun 02005  (i.e. 136.8 teraflops)
    teraflops 01996; gigaflops 01985; megaflops 01964

My own calculations...

   petaflops    when
     10       02011.00 <-- 10 petaflops (right now)
     20       02012.25
     40       02013.50
     80       02014.75
    160       02016.00
    320       02017.25
    640       02018.50
   1280       02019.75  <-- 1.28 exaflops

Moore's Law growth factors range from 18 to 36 months; however, my calculations show petaflops doubling every 15 months and getting us to exaflops during 4th-quarter of 02019.

21st Century Informatics

Data processing, information technology, Informatics... 21st century Informatics is HPC-based Informatics.

Huge quantity (think infinite) of bits are collected by sensors/devices (cameras, scanners, medical hardware, RFIDs, nanosensors, et. al.) and are piped into supercomputers having 99.999% up-time, high-speed Internet connections (bandwidth) and huge amounts of storage (think infinite).

"We're all aware of the approximately 2 billion people now on the Internet - in every part of the planet, thanks to the explosion of mobile technology," IBM's chairman, Samuel Palmisano, said in a speech last September (02011). "But there are also upward of a trillion interconnected and intelligent objects and organisms - what some call the Internet of Things. All of this is generating vast stores of information. It is estimated that there will be 44 times much data and content coming over the next decade... reaching 35 zettabytes in 02020. And thanks to advanced computation and analytics, we can now make sense of that data in something like real time."

When "stuff" can be converted into 0s and 1s, then that enables that "stuff" to be processed by HPC systems. Example: DNA converted into letters (ACAAGATGCCATTGTCC...), letters get converted into numbers (A=65, C=67, etc.) and numbers get converted into bits (binary digits; zero and ones; the language of computers).

Again, assume the 'P' in HPC is for "Performance".

   input  function  output
   data -> HPC -> nothing
   data -> HPC -> No or Yes 
   data -> HPC -> a number
   data -> HPC -> set of numbers
   data -> HPC -> paragraph of information
   data -> HPC -> 1 page report, 2 page report, ..., 100 page report, ...
   data -> HPC -> high-performance visualization system

   data -> noise filter -> 99.999% signal 

Quoting self... What does a scientist say when you give them a petaflops supercomputer? I need more flops.

   STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics)
   STEAM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics)
   SCREAM (Science, Computing, Robotics, Engineering, Arts, Mathematics)
   + more data (inputs)
   + more variables & the variables have larger domains
   + many space vs. time tradeoffs become moot
   + brute force becomes an acceptable design choice (simpler algorithms) 
   + processing can produce larger ranges (outputs)
   + "see" what happens when systems approach zero and infinity
     the future observed on the number line
     0   1   2   3   4   5  ...  INF
      <---               -->
   + number "what if" scenarios galore
   + data sets (inputs/outputs) archivable thanks to infinite storage
   + infinite storage enables the disabling of delete functions

Exponential: Buzzword or Keyword?

Accelerating technologies... What does it mean? "A number of exponentially growing technologies will massively increase human capability and fundamentally reshape our future." -- Singularity University

During February 02012, TED.com posted a talk given by Danny Hillis in 01994. In the span of 20 minutes Hillis does a great job explaining accelerating technologies and exponential growth.

   "If transportation technology was moving along as fast as 
    microprocessor technology, then the day after tomorrow I 
    would be able to get in a taxi cab and be in Tokyo in 
    30 seconds." -- Danny Hillis in 01994

The word exponential needs to critically evaluated when it is encountered because in many instances it is used as a buzzword (#Proofiness).


The Human Genome Project began in 01990 and upon its "completion" in 02003 we entered into the Age of Genomics. Genotyping, gene expression, and gene sequencing are the three cornerstones of modern genetic analysis.

   President Barack Obama, in his 02013 State Of The Union address
   on 12 February 02013 said, "Every dollar we invested to map 
   the human genome returned $140 to our economy."

The final "100 Over 100" Archon Genomics X PRIZE to be announced in April of 02013.

More biotechnology/bioscience...

   + IBM's Watson: From playing Jeopardy! to medical collaboration
     (8 Feb 02013: IBM.com IBM press release "WellPoint, Inc. and 
                   Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center today unveiled the 
                   first commercially developed Watson-based cognitive computing
                   breakthroughs. These innovations stand alone to help transform 
                   the quality and speed of care delivered to patients through 
                   individualized, evidence based medicine."

   + personalized medicine and smart drugs (targeted drug delivery)
     (16 Feb 02012: "A thumbnail-sized microchip containing multiple drug 
                     reservoirs has now passed clinical trials in which a 
                     wireless signal was used to release precise daily doses, 
                     instead of requiring patients to inject themselves with 
                     the drug.")

   + stem cells
     (Self renewal: Stem cells are capable of dividing and renewing 
                    themselves over long periods of time.
     (Differentiation: Stem cells are unspecialized. When stem cells 
                       divide, each new cell has the potential to either 
                       remain a stem cell or to differentiate into a 
                       specialized cell.)

   + molecular diagnostics (genomics + proteomics)

   + genetic engineering (manipulation of an organism's genome)
     (20 Feb 02013: NPR.org Should We Prohibit Genetically Engineered Babies?)

3-D Printing wasn't part of this talk during February of 02012. In his State of the Union address on 12 February 02013, President Barack Obama said, "Last year, we created our first manufacturing innovation institute in Youngstown, Ohio. A once-shuttered warehouse is now a state-of-the art lab where new workers are mastering the 3-D Printing that has the potential to revolutionize the way we make almost everything.

Notes on 3-D Printing.


Wade Adams was a keynote speaker at the 02007 Second Annual Arizona Nanotechnology Symposium. Dr. Adams is the Director of the Smalley Institute for Nanoscale Science and Technology at Rice University in Texas. Adams talk was titled "Nanotechnology and Energy... Be a Scientist and Save the World" and he started it by listing Humanity's Top Ten Problems for next 50 years and the number one problem was Energy. [The other nine were (2) Water, (3) Food, (4) Environment, (5) Poverty, (6) Terrorism and War, (7) Disease, (8) Education, (9) Democracy and (10) Population.] Adams believes it's possible future scientists will use nanotechnology and nanoscience to solve the energy issue. He also believes it's possible that fixing the energy problem will help minimize if not solve the other problems.

29 Dec 01959: "There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom" was a lecture given by Richard Feynman to the American Physical Society. Feynman considered the possibility of "direct manipulation of individual atoms as a more powerful form of synthetic chemistry."

Late 01970s: K. Eric Drexler got into molecular nanotechnology and in 01986 he wrote Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology. Marvin Minsky stated the following about the book: "Engines of Creation begins with the insight that what we can do depends on what we can build. This leads to a careful analysis of possible ways to stack atoms."

4 Sep 01985: Richard Smalley co-discovered the "buckyball" molecule (buckminsterfullerene C60; a molecule composed entirely of carbon).

On 4 December 02008 I gave a nano talk titled "Right Now, Near Future, Coming Decades"

   + magnification and control ("the harnessing of electrons")
     (Matt Kim of the Arizona Nanotechnology Cluster; AzNano.org)

   + graphene (discovered 02006; "exceptional strength & conductivity")
     (The Nobel Prize in Physics for 02010 was awarded to Andre Geim 
      and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding 
      the two-dimensional material graphene".)

   + molecular nanotechnology/atomtronics/quantum dots/nanoparticles
     (Phys.org headline on 11 Feb 02013: "Self-assembled Quantum Dots 
      in a Nanowire System for Quantum Photonics")

   + new materials

   + quantum computing (12:1 atoms-to-bit ratio)
     ("Scientists at IBM and the German Center for Free-Electron Laser 
       Science have built the world's smallest unit of magnetic storage, 
       using just 96 atoms to create one byte of data. Conventional drives 
       require a half a billion atoms for each byte."
       [Discovery.com; 12 Jan 02012]
      "Physicists at Yale University have taken another significant step 
       in the development of quantum computing, a new frontier in computing 
       that promises exponentially faster information processing than the 
       most sophisticated computers of today." 
       [PhysOrg.com; 15 Feb 02012]
     ("Australian and American physicists have built a working transistor 
       from a single phosphorus atom embedded in a silicon crystal."
       [NYTimes.com; 19 Feb 02012]

Robotics/AI (Artificial Intelligence)

01920: "For myself, I confess that as the author I was much more interested in men than in Robots." -- Karel Capek discussing his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots). The following was on printed placards found in R.U.R.


The following is a line from the play: "They'd make fine university professors."

   + Japan needs robots (workforce & senior care)

   + open-sourced robotic surgery [near term]

   + consumer, industrial, healthcare, & military
     (Amazon.com bought a warehouse robotics company; Mar 02012)
     (CBSnews.com::Are robots hurting job growth?; Jan 02013
     (iRobot.com::FDA clears first autonomous Telemedicine robot for hospitals; Jan 02013)

   + drones (teleoperated or autonomous vehicles)
     (Arizona Republic front-page story on 14 Feb 02013: 
      "Ariz. seeks to be a key player in drone work")

   + self-driving cars
     (My Videos From the DARPA Urban Challenge in 02007)
     (AzLeg.org::HB2167: autonomous motor vehicles first read was on 22 Jan 02013)

   + AIs
     (Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework by Doug 
      Engelbart in 01962... "Man's population and gross product are 
      increasing at a considerable rate, but the complexity of his problems 
      grows still faster, and the urgency with which solutions must be found 
      becomes steadily greater in response to the increased rate of activity 
      and the increasingly global nature of that activity. Augmenting man's 
      intellect, in the sense defined above, would warrant full pursuit by 
      an enlightened society if there could be shown a reasonable approach 
      and some plausible benefits.")
     (Peter H. Diamandis to Sebastian Thrun: "Do you see a time where the 
      best educators are AI systems?" Duh! Of course he does. Where would 
      Thrun invest? Personalized medicine, home automation, and "replacing" 
      himself. Question from the audience: Should AI be used to make political 
      decisions? Thrun: "We as a society should pay more attention to data." 
      Diamandis: "I stay away from politics." Thrun with respect to the 
      self-driving car: "It will be ready when it's ready." Diamandis with 
      respect to education: "An AI, if you're wearing sensors, will be able 
      to tell whether you've learned a subject or not." Diamandis: "AI is 
      a moral imperative.")

Technological Singularity, Transhumanism, Living Forever

Initially this section was titled Ignoring the Technological Singularity, Transhumanism, Living Forever, but I changed my mind. A few days later Kevin Kelly had a Google+ posting titled "The Next Transitions in Technology" in which he stated the following.

   "As commonly defined, a singularity means an infinite pace of change. 
    We don't know what that looks like because, as commonly defined, it 
    is inherently unknowable." -- Kevin Kelly

Transhumanism (or H+ or h+ or posthuman or humanity 2.0)... Maybe in some subsequent 50 minute increment.

Rewind to December 02004... Aubrey de Grey: "I think the first person to live to 1,000 might be 60 already."

"Live long enough to live forever" is the motto of numerous futurists. These days life spans are increasing by three months for every year of life lived. It's possible that eventually the "0.25:1" ratio becomes "n:1" where "n>1".


When it comes to a decade of learning about the future I have learned the following few nanoiotas: (0) It's possible that all scenarios of our future are possible. (1) It's possible that we should never say anything is impossible. (2) It's possible for one-billionth of a large number to be a large number. (3) It's possible were approaching zero and infinity in parallel.

Miscellaneous Quotes

"The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn." -- Alvin Toffler (01928-) {futurist/global forecaster}

"Learning is what most adults will do for a living in the 21st century." -- Grigori Perelman (01966-) {Russian mathematician; awarded the Fields Medal in 02006}

"What class do I take to learn how to learn?" -- Thomas Friedman {author of "The World is Flat"} Hmm... What class do I take to learn about the future?

"Are you learning as fast as the world is changing?" -- Gary Hamel (01954-) {American management expert}

"People are comfortable with what they're doing, and they don't see the future coming at them." -- Tim O'Reilly

"Life must be lived forward, but can only be understood backwards." -- Søren Kierkegaard(01813-01855) {quoted by supercomputing guru Dan Reed in a blog posting titled "Predicting Our Technological Future" on 29 Jan 02012}

"The future will be what we help create it to be." -- Michael Crow {President of ASU, in an interview with AzFamily.com on 1 Jan 02012}

"The best way to predict the future is to invent it." -- Alan Kay {computer scientist quoted in 01971; Dr. Crow says Kay's quote is one of ASU's mottos}

"The future cannot be predicted, but futures can be invented." -- Dennis Gabor (Nobel prize winning physicist quoted in 01963}

"Quantum technology will change our lives as much or more in next 50 years as semiconductor technology in the last 50." -- Alex Lvovsky {Professor of Quantum Information Science at the University of Calgary quoted in 02012}

"The future is already here. It's just not very evenly distributed." -- William Gibson (01948-) {"speculative" fiction novelist}


March 1st is Future Day. {Future Day interview with Ben Goertzel on 12 Feb 02012}

   "When you look at what students are taught in school, there's an
    awful lot of past history and there's not that much focus on what
    those children can do as they grow to transform the world. To make
    it radically better, to transform themselves and other people to
    create amazing new things." -- Ben Goertzel

From March 1-3 Arizona State University is hosting Emerge 2012. From Feb. 28-March 2 Arizona State University is hosting Emerge 2013.

   "What it means to be human is changing. Emerging technologies are 
    transforming our minds, our relationships, everything we own and 
    the very landscapes in which we live. What kinds of humans will 
    we become? What kinds of humans should we become?" -- Emerge.ASU.edu

CBSNews.com::Could babies born today live to 150? [9 Feb 02012; it's possible]

Plus.Google.com::The Next Transitions in Technology by Kevin Kelly [3 Feb 02012]

WeSolveForX.com::Solve for X: Eric Schmidt and Sergey Brin open the event [1 Feb 02012; 6:55 mark]

YouTube.com::25 Things You Need to Know About the Future [15 Jan 02012]
[Christopher Barnatt, Professor of Computing & Future Studies at Nottingham University; 12 minutes]

BrainPickings.org::The Future Belong to the Curious: A Manifesto for Curiosity [11 Jan 02012]

   "We are all lifelong learners, from day one to twenty-thousand-and-one, 
    and that's why we keep exploring, wondering and discovering, yearning 
    and learning, reaching with more than just our hands ... The future 
    belongs to the curious." -- SkillShare.com 

PhysOrg.com::Uncanny Valley [29 Dec 02011]

   There have been multiple times when learning about robotics has given me
   that uneasy feeling. Mike Treder (managing director of the Institute 
   for Ethics and Emerging Technologies) told me I was experiencing what 
   is called the "Uncanny Valley." Wired.com...
   How Robotics Master Masahiro Mori Dreamed Up the 'Uncanny Valley' [29 Nov 02011]

IBM.com::Watson: From DeepQA Machine To Jeopardy! Contestant [14-16 Feb 02011]

TED.com::Hans Rosling on global population growth
[Jun 02010; 10 minute talk projects to 02050; 814,971 views on 02012.02.23]

LongBets.org::"By 2029 no computer - or 'machine intelligence' - will have passed the Turing Test [02002]

   Mitch Kapor ("predictor") versus Ray Kurzweil ("challenger")
   The $20,000 bet was made in 02002. "In a 01950 paper, Alan Turing 
   describes his concept of the Turing Test, in which one or more 
   human judges interview computers and human foils using terminals 
   (so that the judges won't be prejudiced against the computers for 
   lacking a human appearance).  The nature of the dialogue between 
   the human judges and the candidates (i.e., the computers and the 
   human foils) is similar to an online chat using instant messaging. 
   The computers as well as the human foils try to convince the human 
   judges of their humanness. If the human judges are unable to reliably 
   unmask the computers (as imposter humans) then the computer is 
   considered to have demonstrated human-level intelligence."
   -- LongBets.org brief description of the Turing test

Wired.com::Why the future doesn't need us.[Bill Joy; April 02000]

   "Our most powerful 21st-century technologies - robotics, genetic 
    engineering, and nanotech - are threatening to make humans an 
    endangered species." -- Bill Joy in 02000

TED.com::Danny Hillis: Back to the future (of 1994)

   "When I was a kid growing up the future was the year 02000.
    The future has kind of been shrinking one year per year for 
    my whole lifetime." -- Danny Hillis in 01994

YouTube.com::Grace Hopper on David Letterman [2 Oct 01986; Hopper (01906-01992)]

   Letterman: "Tell me why nanoseconds matter in computers."
   Hopper: "Everybody wants better answers faster and you get
            answers out of computers so you've got to make the 
            computers faster."

DougEngelbart.org::Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework [01962]

   Last paragraph in the "Conclusions" section... "This is an open plea 
   to researchers and to those who ultimately motivate, finance, or direct 
   them, to turn serious attention toward the possibility of evolving a 
   dynamic discipline that can treat the problem of improving intellectual 
   effectiveness in a total sense. This discipline should aim at producing 
   a continuous cycle of improvements--increased understanding of the problem, 
   improved means for developing new augmentation systems, and improved 
   augmentation systems that can serve the world's problem solvers in 
   general and this discipline's workers in particular. After all, we 
   spend great sums for disciplines aimed at understanding and harnessing 
   nuclear power. Why not consider developing a discipline aimed at 
   understanding and harnessing "neural power?" In the long run, the 
   power of the human intellect is really much the more important 
   of the two." -- Doug Engelbart in 01962
In 02012 (this year right now)... From 96 Bits to 96 Atoms
The 'P' in HPC

The following is something I wrote on 8 September 02008.

HPC environments provide researchers with the ability to ponder every "what if" scenario they can image (and then some).

These days the 'P' in HPC stands for many things. High Performance Computing is a highly pervasive computing environment that enables highly productive computing via a highly persistent cyber-infrastructure that exploits highly parallel computing to provide highly powerful computation.

Autonomous Transport

John Markoff via NYTimes.com... "The autonomous vehicles developed by Google pose enormous challenges for the world of law and insurance, speakers at a symposium said."

NYTimes.com::Collision in the Making Between Self-Driving Cars and How the World Works

16 Feb 02012: "Nevada has become the first state in the United States to approve self-driving cars," reported PCmag.com. "Nevada is the first state to embrace what is surely the future of automobiles," Department of Motor Vehicles director Bruce Breslow said in a statement.

Nanotechnology For Nanonewbies at SCC

"Right Now, Near Future, Coming Decades" on 4 Dec 02008 | Presentation on 29 Apr 02009

We don't need to know anything about nanotechnology in order to learn about the future from Wade Adam's 83-slide Be a Scientist and Save the World presentation. {AzNano.org::http://aznano.org/uploads/Wade_Adams_Keynote.pdf}

Who To Follow On Twitter

@nanofoo (me) | @PhysOrg_Com | @KurzweilAINews


AzFoo.net::Future::56 Days of Learning About the Future [24 Feb 02012 to 20 Apr 02012]


Follow @ExponentialTime | @TechReview | @PositiveFuturis on Twitter.

YouTube.com::CambridgeUniversity::Introducing Graphene

GDT::Nanotech Smallblog posting on 11 Nov 02012.

title: 2020s: Desktop Nanofactories; 2030s: Nanobots Jump to the 3:14 mark... "I think the 2020s will be the decade of the desktop nanofactory and the 2030s the decade of the nanobots. We might see a few nanobots coming in at the end of the 2020s, but I think the 2030s are when they'll be deployed medically in a large way and start to displace most other forms of medical technology." -- Robert Freitas

ExponentialTimes.net::Robert Freitas Interviewed by Ray Kurzweil

At the 9m:40s mark of the 2nd video.

Why is nanotechnology important?

Dr. Robert Freitas: "The average person should care about nanotechnology because it is the most technology that will be developed in the 21st century. [...] It's going to change everyone's lives in almost everyway you can image. [...] People can quite easily avoid thinking about it probably for another ten or twenty years, [...] I have a message for my fellow baby boomers: Aging is a disease. It's a curable disease. Nanomedicine is the cure for that disease."

Creator: Gerald Thurman (gdt) [gthurman@gmail.com]
Created: 15 February 2012
Last Modified: Tuesday, 05-Mar-2013 12:41:39 MST

I gave this talk on Friday, 24 February 02012, at Scottsdale Community College. The talk started at high noon and lasted 53 minutes. The talk was given as part of the 2012 Arizona SciTech Festival.